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This week, we're updating our course layouts and descriptions. Presentation and materials always gently change over time, but just occasionally there's a need to make a step change to clear out some of the old and roll in the new. That's now happening - but over a long and complex site it's not instant and you'll see sections of the site changing up to and including 19th September.

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What is Expect / a sample

Posted by admin (Graham Ellis), 7 October 2002
Expect is an extension to Tcl which allows you to automate processes such as telnet and FTP by "mimicing" the user's input in a terminal window.  You use the spawn command to spawn a telnet (or FTP, or whatever) process, you use send (or exp_send if you're also using Tk) to send some text as if it was typed, and then you wait for a specific input pattern to come back via the expect command.

Here's an example that does a remote ls listing; enter host computer name into an entry box, click on the "go" button, and you get a listing of all files in the trainee home directory on that system.


proc getfiles {host} {
       spawn telnet
       log_user 0
       expect "telnet>"
       exp_send "open $host\r"
       expect {
               "login: " { }
               "Unable" {return "ERROR"}
       exp_send "trainee\r"
       expect "sword: "
       exp_send "abc123\r"
       expect "\$ "
       exp_send "ls -1\r"
       expect "\$ "
       set got $expect_out(buffer)
       exp_send "exit"
       return $got

set hostname "computer name"
entry .host -textvariable hostname

button .do -text go -command {
       set there [getfiles $hostname]
       .what delete 1.0 end
       .what insert end $there

text .what -width 30 -height 40
pack .host .do .what

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