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For 2021 - online Python 3 training - see ((here)).

Our plans were to retire in summer 2020 and see the world, but Coronavirus has lead us into a lot of lockdown programming in Python 3 and PHP 7.
We can now offer tailored online training - small groups, real tutors - works really well for groups of 4 to 14 delegates. Anywhere in the world; course language English.

Please ask about private 'maintenance' training for Python 2, Tcl, Perl, PHP, Lua, etc.
When to check an object type - Python isinstance example

I'll encourage you not to look at an object in a Python program - or in any other OO langauge - you find out what type it is ... at least until you've thought about why you're doing it.

If you need to, you can look - you have the type function, you have the __class__.__name__ variable and you have isinstance.

Isinstance lets you check the hierarcy of an object - so I can use it to ask if an object is of a particular type, or a type that's based on it.

Here's a look to see if something's a list:
  if isinstance(meal,list):
and in use in a program [here]. I'm not thrilled with the example - but is shows you the syntax. I would much rather you used polymorphism (several methods of the same name in order to decide internally how to print the data) rather than a branch chain based on the type.

Where I will encourage you to use isinstance is upon entry to a function that's called from outside your area of control - for example within the API of a function, method, module or package that you've written for others to use, and you want to check they're passing you sensible parameters. See [here] for an example.
(written 2016-11-03)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
Y106 - Object Oriented Python
  [477] Class, static and unbound variables - (2005-10-25)
  [834] Python makes University Challenge - (2006-08-15)
  [900] Python - function v method - (2006-10-20)
  [1306] Python class rattling around - (2007-08-16)
  [1348] Screw it or Glue it? Access to Object variables - a warning - (2007-09-12)
  [1925] Introduction to Object Oriented Programming - (2008-12-06)
  [2017] Python - a truly dynamic language - (2009-01-30)
  [2169] When should I use OO techniques? - (2009-05-11)
  [2604] Tips for writing a test program (Ruby / Python / Java) - (2010-01-29)
  [3085] Object Oriented Programming for Structured Programmers - conversion training - (2010-12-14)
  [3399] From fish, loaves and apples to money, plastic cards and BACS (Perl references explained) - (2011-08-20)
  [3436] Moving from scripting to Object Orientation in Python - (2011-09-13)
  [3673] Object oriented or structured - a comparison in Python. Also writing clean regular expressions - (2012-03-26)
  [3878] From Structured to Object Oriented Programming. - (2012-10-02)
  [3947] this or self - what are they, and what is the difference? (Python) - (2012-12-08)
  [4021] Spike solution, refactored and reusable, Python - Example - (2013-02-28)
  [4028] Really Simple Class and Inheritance example in Python - (2013-03-04)
  [4129] Simple OO demonstration in C++, comparison to Python - (2013-07-01)
  [4448] What is the difference between a function and a method? - (2015-03-04)
  [4591] From single block to structure and object oriented programming - (2015-12-02)
  [4650] Why populate object with values as you construct them? - (2016-02-18)


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Celebrating our diversity rather than discriminating for it
Previous and next
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Horse's mouth home
Forward to
Embedding more complex code into a named block
Some other Articles
Writing Python 2 such that Python 3 is easy
From and Import in Python - where is the module loaded from?
Conditional operators in Python
Embedding more complex code into a named block
When to check an object type - Python isinstance example
Celebrating our diversity rather than discriminating for it
Nesting decorators
Defining an object that is a modified standard type in Python
with in Python - examples of use, and of defining your own context
Profiling your Python program
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This is a page archived from The Horse's Mouth at http://www.wellho.net/horse/ - the diary and writings of Graham Ellis. Every attempt was made to provide current information at the time the page was written, but things do move forward in our business - new software releases, price changes, new techniques. Please check back via our main site for current courses, prices, versions, etc - any mention of a price in "The Horse's Mouth" cannot be taken as an offer to supply at that price.

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