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Guide exercise to help you learn Gherkin, Cucumber and Rspec

During today's Ruby course, I moved on to Cucumber and Gherkin very quickly - for a private course with delegates looking to using Behaviour Driven Development as the core of their work. Ruby's basics were covered first - variables, calculations, conditionals and loops. Then we moved on to functions, classes and methods. And by the afternoon of the second day, we were on to defining features in Gherkin:

Defining the steps used to test those features

1. Define the behaviour

  Feature: Seeing how many can sit at a table
  
  Scenario: Seeing numbers that can fit around each table
  Given I have a table 1900 x 825 mm
  When I ask how many people can sit at it with 850 mm each
  Then I should be told 4
  When I ask how many people can sit at it with standard space each
  Then I should be told 6
  
  Scenario: Seeing numbers that can fit around each table
  Given I have a table 700 x 700 mm
  When I ask how many people can sit at it with standard space each
  Then I should be told 0


See tables.feature

2. Define the tests to implement that behaviour
(much of this automated from your first Cucumber run)

  Given(/^I have a table (\d+) x (\d+) mm$/) do |arg1, arg2|
    @centre = Table.new("Gill",11,arg1.to_i,arg2.to_i)
  end
  
  When(/^I ask how many people can sit at it with (\d+) mm each$/) do |arg1|
    @bums = @centre.getSeats(arg1.to_i)
  end
  
  When(/^I ask how many people can sit at it with standard space each$/) do
    @bums = @centre.getSeats
  end
  
  Then(/^I should be told (\d+)$/) do |arg1|
    expect(@bums).to eq(arg1.to_i)
  end


See table_steps.rb

3. Define the class to satisfy the tests

  class Table
    def initialize(waiter,number,mm1,mm2)
      @waiter = waiter
      @number = number
      @mm1 = mm1
      @mm2 = mm2
    end
    def getSeats(elbows = 800)
      side1 = (@mm1 / elbows).to_i
      side2 = (@mm2 / elbows).to_i
      return 2 * (side1 + side2)
    end
  end


See tables.rb

Exercise for delegates - get the above code working on your training system and then implement code for the following extra scenario ( already provided, commented out in the feature file)

  # Table cloths hang over by 10 cm and weigh 275 grams / square metre
  
  # Scenario: Seeing how heavy a table cloth is
  # Given I have a table 1900 x 825 mm
  # When I ask how heavy the table cloth is
  # Then I should be told the weight is 591.9375


The exercise here is an interesting one - we don't have delegates write a behariour, tests and class from scratch as that's a lot to take in for the first use. Rather, we have them take an example that we've gone through with them, then provide enhancements.

If you're learning Ruby on our Learning to Program in Ruby or Ruby Programming courses, I would be happy to extent into an introduction to Gherkin, Cucumber and Rspec for you.
(written 2015-01-06)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
R221 - Ruby - Introduction to Cucumber
  [4552] Scenario outlines - tables of values to test - in Gherkin / Cucumber - (2015-10-23)
  [4551] Testing your new class - first steps with cucumber - (2015-10-23)
  [4384] Installing Cucumber on Ubuntu - cannot load such file -- mkmf (LoadError) message - (2015-01-04)
  [4383] Improved test in Cucumber with RSpec - (2015-01-03)
  [4382] Second step Cucumber and Gherkin - beyond Hello World - (2015-01-03)
  [4381] Installing Cucumber (Ruby) - (2015-01-03)
  [4380] Behaviour Driven Development / Ruby and Cucumber - (2015-01-02)

R211 - Ruby - RSpec
  [4681] Ruby testing with RSpec - a new example - (2016-05-19)
  [4579] Behaviour and test driven development in Ruby using RSpec - (2015-11-21)
  [4544] RSpec - Ruby testing (stand alone example / no cucumber) - (2015-10-17)


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Cucumber example - test::unit, scenario outlines, datafile driven test
Global Regular Expression matching in Ruby (using scan)
Regression Testing my website - Cucumber and Watir
Guide exercise to help you learn Gherkin, Cucumber and Rspec
A booking that looks too good to be true? It probably is too good to be true!
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