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For 2021 - online Python 3 training - see ((here)).

Our plans were to retire in summer 2020 and see the world, but Coronavirus has lead us into a lot of lockdown programming in Python 3 and PHP 7.
We can now offer tailored online training - small groups, real tutors - works really well for groups of 4 to 14 delegates. Anywhere in the world; course language English.

Please ask about private 'maintenance' training for Python 2, Tcl, Perl, PHP, Lua, etc.
Incrementing a variable in Java - Pre and Post Increment

Java (and C, Perl and PHP) supports the ++ operator to increment a variable - in other word, do add 1 to the value it holds and save the reult back in the same place.

You can write
  counter++;
or
  ++counter;
and as statemnets on their own, they'll do the same thing.

However, embed them with another statement and it does make a differene.
  another = summat++;
is different to
  another = ++summat;

Both of these increment the variable summat, but what get stored into another will differ.
• With ++ after the variable name, the extra 1 is added after the other uses of that variable in the line - in other words, another gets set to the original value of summat
• With ++ before the variable name, the extra 1 is added before the other uses of that variable in the line - in other words, another gets set to the new value of summat

With the ++ in front, it's know as pre-increment - increment before other use
With the ++ behind, it's know as post-increment - increment after other use

Sample of that it use - [here] from the current Java course
(written 2014-12-08, updated 2014-12-09)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
J703 - Java - Variables
  [127] Conversion and coercion in Java - (2004-11-22)
  [1448] Question on division (Java) - Also Perl, PHP, Python ... - (2007-11-28)
  [2148] Variable scope in Java Servlets and other web applications - (2009-05-01)
  [2153] Class Loading and Variable Conversion in Java - (2009-05-02)
  [3038] Setting up individual variables, and arrays, in Java - some commented examples - (2010-11-09)
  [3041] Java - basic rules for arithmetic, variables and conversion - (2010-11-10)
  [3278] Do I need to initialise variables - programming in C, C++, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby or Java. - (2011-05-05)
  [3365] Turning bright delegates into bright and knowledgable ones - (2011-07-21)
  [3917] BODMAS - the order a computer evaluates arithmetic expressions - (2012-11-09)
  [4324] Learning to program - variables and constants - (2014-11-22)


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Some other Articles
When I am old, what will worry me?
Taking my life in my hands in Swansea
Arrays in Java - an introduction for newcomers
A behaviour driven example of writing a Java program
Incrementing a variable in Java - Pre and Post Increment
Python base and inherited classes, test harness and unit testing - new examples
Politics and the railway the connects Wiltshire
My first official measure - Passenger Entrys and Exits - revisited 9 years later
Segmentation Fault, Segmentation Violation, Bus Error, Stack Smashing
Command line and file handling in C
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This is a page archived from The Horse's Mouth at http://www.wellho.net/horse/ - the diary and writings of Graham Ellis. Every attempt was made to provide current information at the time the page was written, but things do move forward in our business - new software releases, price changes, new techniques. Please check back via our main site for current courses, prices, versions, etc - any mention of a price in "The Horse's Mouth" cannot be taken as an offer to supply at that price.

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