At Well House Consultans, we offer courses at two levels in a number of programming languages. Our "learning to program in ..." courses are for delegates who have never programmed before, or who are rusty, who lack confidence, or want a refresher of the basic principles. Our "... programming" courses are for delegates who have prior programming experience, but are converting from another programming language to the one that we're teaching at the time. By offering two different starying points in this way, we can ensure that newcomers to programming aren't swamped in the first hours, yet experienced programmers don't have to sit through a day of the basiss.
This module accompanies the "learning to" courses and intentionally leaves out code examples. It's very easy for the tutor on your course to show you "one I wrote earlier", but that doesn't teach you as a newcomer how to write a program for yourself - you need to see the thought process, so it will be done by demonstration. The examples written will be made available to you after the course, and you'll also find code in the following modules of the notes which also apply to the courses where we start with experienced programmers.
So - let's start!
Stored programs ...
* We start with a series of instructions in a text file
* Each instruction is separated from the next somehow
* Instructions are run sequentially
* Possibly wrapped in some sort of named block to say "Start here"
Running a stored program ...
* We need to translate from text to runnable
* That may be through an intermediate process - there are three common ways (compiler, pure interpretter, and virtual machine)
* There will be common code to all / most applications, and that will be loaded from standard libraries
Hello World ... and Hello delegates too
It's traditional on all programming courses for the first example to output the words "hello world" onto the programmer's screen. Of course, that's very much more simple than any practical program but it show you
* How you input the program, what you write and where you store the "source code"
* How (and if) you translate that program into a different format from which yu can run it
* And how you run the program
The tutor will demonstrate this to you, and have you try it out too. It will feel clunky at first. Don't worry about that - you'll speed up later, and there will be lots of other things to learn about in yor chosen language that will make it easier too.
At this point, one of things to think about is how portable your program will be between different computer architectures and operating systems. You may feel it's early to look at this, but right from the start you'll want to know about the portablity and re-usability of your work.
Commenting your code
Also at this point, we'll take a first look at code documentation. "Hello World" really doesn't need too much backup information for the maintenance programmer - either a colleague of yours, or you yourself when you come back and try to remember what you did in 6 months or 6 years time because it needs updating.
* Every language allows for comments in some way or another, and we'll add some to "Hello World".
Comments make no difference to the running of your code, but they make a huge difference later on. You should include information about what the blocks of code do, and also any notes about the environment in which they are designed to run. Version numbers, copyright, and support contact details and terms and conditions are also worth considering in serious code blocks.
As well as programmer's comments, instructions for your user should be provided. Most languages provide you with specific tools and an ability to build these instruction into your source code. And it's very likely too - with modern programmig - that you'll also provide some sort of test suite that lets you and your customers check that the program's functionallity is still working as planned after upgrades and changes.
To see our upcoming public course schedule, take a look [here]
. The format above is your starter in each and every language, but it's adapted to the language of choice - we start as we mean to go on! (written 2014-11-16)
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articlesQ100 - Object Orientation and General technical topics - Learning to Progam 
The next generation of programmer - (2004-11-13) 
Learning and understanding scripting programming techniques - (2008-04-08) 
Best source to learn Java (or Perl or PHP or Python) - (2008-12-28) 
Learning to program as a part of your job - (2009-01-10) 
I have not programmed before, and need to learn - (2009-01-19) 
Learning to program in PHP, Python, Java or Lua ... - (2009-02-19) 
Tracking difficult bugs, the programmer / customer relationship - (2009-03-20) 
New to programming? It is natural (but needless) for you to be nervous - (2009-07-14) 
Can you learn to program in 4 days? - (2009-07-16) 
Learn a new programming language this summer. - (2009-08-06) 
Learning to program in ... - (2009-11-15) 
I almost put the bins out this morning - (2009-11-16) 
Programming Standards from the start! - (2010-08-02) 
Learning to program - where to start if you have never programmed before - (2010-09-28) 
Learning to write good programs in C and C++ - separating out repeated code - (2011-01-04) 
Some terms used in programming (Biased towards Python) - (2011-12-12) 
Flowchart to program - learning to program with Well House - (2012-10-14) 
Reading and checking user inputs - first lessons - Ruby - (2013-02-17) 
Learning to Program - the conditional statement (if) - (2014-11-21) 
Learning to program - Loop statements such as while - (2014-11-22) 
Learning to program - variables and constants - (2014-11-22) 
Learning to program - what are algorithms and design patterns? - (2014-11-22) 
Learning to program - comments, documentation and test code - (2014-11-22) 
Learning to program sample program - past its prime, but still useful - (2014-12-02) 
Learning not just what a program does, but how to design it in the first place. - (2015-11-06)
Some other Articles
Are administration / review charges on hotel guests acceptable?An example of Model-View-Controller techniques in a Perl / CGI scriptPHP - some quick fixes if scripts have issues, and how to use our supportLearning to Program - how we start to teach you at Well House ConsultantsJava - an update of the basicsToo many Staffies, too many lurchersWelcoming genuine forum posters quickly - but turning away off topic advertisersPHP training - refreshed modern course, backed up by years of practical experienceMoving community rail support from amateur to professional