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For 2021 - online Python 3 training - see ((here)).

Our plans were to retire in summer 2020 and see the world, but Coronavirus has lead us into a lot of lockdown programming in Python 3 and PHP 7.
We can now offer tailored online training - small groups, real tutors - works really well for groups of 4 to 14 delegates. Anywhere in the world; course language English.

Please ask about private 'maintenance' training for Python 2, Tcl, Perl, PHP, Lua, etc.
Special characters in HTML

Which are the most commonly used special characters in an HTML stream? Totally unscientific, but here's a table of the ones that I've used in my 4000 or so blog articles thus far, the final column being a count of the number of occurrences.

   23204
• •2126
<1792
£ £502
&284
>95
° °8
© ©8
"7
é é6
€ €4
ñ ñ1
á á1


A couple of comments:

a)   is a non-breaking space. It's used to ensure that a space really shows up as a space and that multiple spaces don't get squished to one (vital with Python source!), and to ensure that two words that need to logically appear together really do appear together. That's very useful at the side of an image to stop a few words appearing, and then a long word that's too wide causes a big white space. By making the first few words into (in effect) one long word, the display is improved.

b) &lt; is necessary for the < symbol in text (and we use it a great deal in source code and HTML examples), so there are a large number of uses of this special code. However, it's not strictly necessary to replace > with &gt; so the count there is much lower.

There is a complete list of the special characters [here] - lots more accented characters, currency symbols and things like &para; for ¶, &reg; for ® and &plusmn; for ± which have never cropped up in previous blogs.

(written 2013-03-09, updated 2013-03-30)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
W503 - Web and Intranet - Hypertext
  [1034] The new web site look spreads - (2007-01-15)
  [1630] To provide external links, or not? - (2008-05-04)
  [4036] HTML tags uses in these blog articles - (2013-03-09)


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