Home Accessibility Courses Twitter The Mouth Facebook Resources Site Map About Us Contact
 
Python and Tcl - public course schedule [here]
Private courses on your site - see [here]
Please ask about maintenance training for Perl, PHP, Lua, etc
 
Exception, Lambda, Generator, Slice, Dict - examples in one Python program

A new example from last week's Python course, showing exception, lambda, generator and list slices in a practical programming example. The task we took was to go through a file of railway stations and ticket sales figures, and report on the most and least used 20 in the UK. The programs's [here].

a) The open statement - when used within a for loop structure returns a generator object in modern versions of Python, and that means that we can loop through the data without reading it ahead into a list as simply as
  for record in open("railstats.xyz"):

b) Most data rows within the file contain numbers in the last field of each line, but a few of them (stations that were not open during the last year of data collection) contain the word NULL. I've caught exceptions to trap these lines, simply passing the error over as these are special cases outside the scope of my application

c) I need to sort the dict that I've built ... but a dict can't be sorted. So I've extracted a list of keys and sorted that list. The sorting's going to be based on the contents of the original dict, so I need to provide a sort routine that I've done in the form of a lambda - that's rather like a oneline function with no name. Quicker to code, easy to read inline:
  places = usage.keys()
  places.sort(lambda x,y: usage[x] - usage[y])

d) I've picked our the first 20, and the last 20, records after sorting using list slices. Note the subtle syntax difference at the start and end of the list.
  for place in places[:20]:
  for place in places[-20:]:

There are lots of examples on our web site and in our course notes showing each of these features ... but the exmaple that I've referred to here shows interaction between them.
(written 2013-03-04)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
Y105 - Python - Functions, Modules and Packages
  [4724] From and Import in Python - where is the module loaded from? - (2016-11-06)
  [4722] Embedding more complex code into a named block - (2016-11-04)
  [4719] Nesting decorators - (2016-11-02)
  [4662] Recursion in Python - the classic example - (2016-03-07)
  [4645] What are callbacks? Why use them? An example in Python - (2016-02-11)
  [4448] What is the difference between a function and a method? - (2015-03-04)
  [4441] Reading command line parameters in Python - (2015-02-23)
  [4410] A good example of recursion - a real use in Python - (2015-02-01)
  [4407] Python - even named code blocks are objects - (2015-01-28)
  [4361] Multiple yields and no loops in a Python generator? - (2014-12-22)
  [4212] Python functions - an introduction to how they work - (2013-11-16)
  [4161] Python varables - checking existance, and call by name or by value? - (2013-08-27)
  [3945] vargs in Python - how to call a method with unknown number of parameters - (2012-12-06)
  [3931] Optional positional and named parameters in Python - (2012-11-23)
  [3885] Default local - a good choice by the author of Python - (2012-10-08)
  [3852] Static variables in Python? - (2012-08-29)
  [3766] Python timing - when to use a list, and when to use a generator - (2012-06-16)
  [3695] Functions are first class variables in Lua and Python - (2012-04-13)
  [3662] Finding all the unique lines in a file, using Python or Perl - (2012-03-20)
  [3474] Python Packages - groupings of modules. An introduction - (2011-10-11)
  [3472] Static variables in functions - and better ways using objects - (2011-10-10)
  [3464] Passing optional and named parameters to python methods - (2011-10-04)
  [3459] Catching the fishes first? - (2011-09-27)
  [3280] Passing parameters to Python functions - the options you have - (2011-05-07)
  [3159] Returning multiple values from a function call in various languages - a comparison - (2011-02-06)
  [2998] Using an exception to initialise a static variable in a Python function / method - (2010-10-13)
  [2994] Python - some common questions answered in code examples - (2010-10-10)
  [2929] Passing a variable number of parameters in to a function / method - (2010-08-20)
  [2878] Program for reliability and efficiency - do not duplicate, but rather share and re-use - (2010-07-19)
  [2766] Optional and named parameters to Python functions/methods - (2010-05-15)
  [2718] Python - access to variables in the outer scope - (2010-04-12)
  [2520] Global and Enable - two misused words! - (2009-11-30)
  [2506] Good example of recursion in Python - analyse an RSS feed - (2009-11-18)
  [2481] Sample code with errors in it on our web site - (2009-10-29)
  [2440] Optional parameters to Python functions - (2009-10-07)
  [2439] Multiple returns from a function in Python - (2009-10-06)
  [2011] Conversion of OSI grid references to Eastings and Northings - (2009-01-28)
  [1879] Dynamic code - Python - (2008-11-11)
  [1871] Optional and named parameters in Python - (2008-11-05)
  [1870] What to do with a huge crop of apples - (2008-11-04)
  [1869] Anonymous functions (lambdas) and map in Python - (2008-11-04)
  [1790] Sharing variables with functions, but keeping them local too - Python - (2008-09-09)
  [1784] Global - Tcl, PHP, Python - (2008-09-03)
  [1464] Python Script - easy examples of lots of basics - (2007-12-08)
  [1202] Returning multiple values from a function (Perl, PHP, Python) - (2007-05-24)
  [1163] A better alternative to cutting and pasting code - (2007-04-26)
  [1134] Function / method parameters with * and ** in Python - (2007-04-04)
  [959] It's the 1st, not the 1nd 1rd or 1th. - (2006-12-01)
  [949] Sludge off the mountain, and Python and PHP - (2006-11-27)
  [913] Python - A list of methods - (2006-11-03)
  [912] Recursion in Python - (2006-11-02)
  [900] Python - function v method - (2006-10-20)
  [821] Dynamic functions and names - Python - (2006-08-03)
  [775] Do not duplicate your code - (2006-06-23)
  [749] Cottage industry or production line data handling methods - (2006-06-07)
  [745] Python modules. The distribution, The Cheese Shop and the Vaults of Parnassus. - (2006-06-05)
  [668] Python - block insets help with documentation - (2006-04-04)
  [561] Python's Generator functions - (2006-01-11)
  [418] Difference between import and from in Python - (2005-08-18)
  [386] What is a callback? - (2005-07-22)
  [340] Code and code maintainance efficiency - (2005-06-08)
  [308] Call by name v call by value - (2005-05-11)
  [303] Lambdas in Python - (2005-05-06)
  [294] Python generator functions, lambdas, and iterators - (2005-04-28)
  [105] Distance Learning - (2004-10-31)
  [96] Variable Scope - (2004-10-22)

Y107 - Python - Dictionaries
  [4668] Sorting a dict in Python - (2016-04-01)
  [4661] Unique word locator - Python dict example - (2016-03-06)
  [4469] Sorting in Python 3 - and how it differs from Python 2 sorting - (2015-04-20)
  [4409] Setting up and using a dict in Python - simple first example - (2015-01-30)
  [4027] Collections in Python - list tuple dict and string. - (2013-03-04)
  [3934] Multiple identical keys in a Python dict - yes, you can! - (2012-11-24)
  [3555] Football league tables - under old and new point system. Python program. - (2011-12-18)
  [3554] Learning more about our web site - and learning how to learn about yours - (2011-12-17)
  [3488] Python sets and frozensets - what are they? - (2011-10-20)
  [2986] Python dictionaries - reaching to new uses - (2010-10-05)
  [2915] Looking up a value by key - associative arrays / Hashes / Dictionaries - (2010-08-11)
  [2368] Python - fresh examples of all the fundamentals - (2009-08-20)
  [1145] Using a list of keys and a list of values to make a dictionary in Python - zip - (2007-04-13)
  [1144] Python dictionary for quick look ups - (2007-04-12)
  [955] Python collections - mutable and imutable - (2006-11-29)
  [103] Can't resist writing about Python - (2004-10-29)

Y109 - Python - Exceptions
  [4444] Elements of an exception in Python - try, except, else, finally - (2015-02-28)
  [3930] Reporting the full stack trace when you catch a Python exception - (2012-11-22)
  [3913] How many times ... has this loco headed west through Tenby? - Python exceptions - (2012-11-05)
  [3664] Error checking in a Python program - making your program robust via exceptions - (2012-03-22)
  [3441] Pressing ^C in a Python program. Also Progress Bar. - (2011-09-15)
  [3433] Exceptions - a fail-safe way of trapping things that may go wrong - (2011-09-11)
  [3177] Insurance against any errors - Volcanoes and Python - (2011-02-19)
  [2622] Handling unusual and error conditions - exceptions - (2010-02-03)
  [2408] Robust user input (exception handling) example in Python - (2009-09-17)
  [2281] Python - using exceptions to set a fallback - (2009-07-12)
  [2018] UnboundLocalError - Python Message - (2009-01-31)
  [1236] Trying things in Python - (2007-06-18)
  [1042] Nested exceptions in Python - (2007-01-18)
  [381] Exceptions in Python - (2005-07-17)


Back to
Really Simple Class and Inheritance example in Python
Previous and next
or
Horse's mouth home
Forward to
What is on OUR pond?
Some other Articles
Official Star ratings for hotels - still worth having?
Easier public transport from Melksham to Bristol Airport
Showing what programming errors look like - web site pitfall
What is on OUR pond?
Exception, Lambda, Generator, Slice, Dict - examples in one Python program
Really Simple Class and Inheritance example in Python
The coffee of the Stars comes to Melksham
Backups, Codebase, Strategy and more - dealing with forum incidents
SQL databases from Python - an SQLite example
4759 posts, page by page
Link to page ... 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96 at 50 posts per page


This is a page archived from The Horse's Mouth at http://www.wellho.net/horse/ - the diary and writings of Graham Ellis. Every attempt was made to provide current information at the time the page was written, but things do move forward in our business - new software releases, price changes, new techniques. Please check back via our main site for current courses, prices, versions, etc - any mention of a price in "The Horse's Mouth" cannot be taken as an offer to supply at that price.

Link to Ezine home page (for reading).
Link to Blogging home page (to add comments).

You can Add a comment or ranking to this page

© WELL HOUSE CONSULTANTS LTD., 2019: 404 The Spa • Melksham, Wiltshire • United Kingdom • SN12 6QL
PH: 01225 708225 • EMAIL: info@wellho.net • WEB: http://www.wellho.net • SKYPE: wellho

PAGE: http://www.wellho.net/mouth/4029_Exc ... ogram.html • PAGE BUILT: Sat May 27 16:49:10 2017 • BUILD SYSTEM: WomanWithCat