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For 2021 - online Python 3 training - see ((here)).

Our plans were to retire in summer 2020 and see the world, but Coronavirus has lead us into a lot of lockdown programming in Python 3 and PHP 7.
We can now offer tailored online training - small groups, real tutors - works really well for groups of 4 to 14 delegates. Anywhere in the world; course language English.

Please ask about private 'maintenance' training for Python 2, Tcl, Perl, PHP, Lua, etc.
Run other processes from within your Perl program

There are several ways in Perl that you can run another process from within your Perl program:

1. You can use a system call, which runs the other process independently and returns to you when it has completed. You can check the completion status of the system call by examining $?. Before it runs, system flushes all Perl files open for output before it runs the process. (from 5.6.0)

Example:
  system("ls");


2. You can run a command in backtics (or using qx). In this case, the command runs to completion and the results are then returned to you as a string.

Example:
  $results = `ls`;

3. You can open a command (process) on a file handle, using a pipe character | as the "direction" character. And you can then read from, or write to, that file handle to pick up results as the command runs.

Example:
  open (FH,"ls|");
  while (<FH>) {
    print ;
    }


In the first two cases, the command runs to completion before your Perl program carries on; in the third case, the command is running in parallel to your Perl program and you can read from before it is completed - that's very useful for handling something like a monitoring program which you want to interactively summarise / report on.

There are examples of all three syntaxes [here] - written as a demonstration during last week's Perl Programming Course.
(written 2012-12-03, updated 2012-12-08)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
P223 - Perl - Interprocess Communication
  [604] Perl - multiprocess applications - (2006-02-13)
  [1918] Perl Socket Programming Examples - (2008-12-02)
  [2694] Multiple processes (forking) in Python - (2010-03-25)
  [2970] Perl - doing several things at the same time - (2010-09-25)
  [3010] Children, zombies, and reaping processes - (2010-10-23)
  [3011] What are .pid files? - (2010-10-23)
  [3412] Handling binary data in Perl is easy! - (2011-08-30)


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Building an object based on another object in Perl
Run other processes from within your Perl program
Lots of ways of doing the same thing in Perl - list iteration
A long overdue meeting - a steeping stone towards coordinate transport user inputs
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Lisa is home today ...
Whether you have programmed before or not, we can teach you Python
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This is a page archived from The Horse's Mouth at http://www.wellho.net/horse/ - the diary and writings of Graham Ellis. Every attempt was made to provide current information at the time the page was written, but things do move forward in our business - new software releases, price changes, new techniques. Please check back via our main site for current courses, prices, versions, etc - any mention of a price in "The Horse's Mouth" cannot be taken as an offer to supply at that price.

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