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Adding validation to form entries and sticky fields - Ruby on Rails

So far, we have implemented an MVC application under Ruby in Rails, and provided a rudimentary form to allow the user to add rows to the model. In this section, we show you the extra code needed to validate the data, and to echo it back out to the user within the form if it's incorrect.

1. In the model, add some calls to provide criteria against which to validate

  class Product < ActiveRecord::Base
    validates_presence_of :pname, :unitprice, :stocklevel
    validates_numericality_of :unitprice, :stocklevel
    validates_uniqueness_of :pname
  end


2. In the controller, add code to see if the save of the new record worked

  def saveproduct
    @newprod = Product.new(params[:product])
    if @newprod.save # And checks the object
      redirect_to :action => "index" # to method (above)
    else
      @main_result = "Please correct"
      render :action => "addproduct" # using view
    end
  end


3. Add the error messages to the view:

  <% form_for(@newprod, :url => "/productlister/saveproduct") do |fieldname| %>
    <%= fieldname.error_messages %>
  
    <%= fieldname.label :pname %>
    Name of product <%= fieldname.text_field :pname %><br />
  
    <%= fieldname.label :unitprice %>
    Price Each <%= fieldname.text_field :unitprice %><br />
  
    <%= fieldname.label :stocklevel %>
    Initial Stock Held <%= fieldname.text_field :stocklevel %><br />
  
    <%= fieldname.submit "Done!" %><br />
  <% end %><br />


This is one of a series of summaries taking you from initial installation of Ruby and Rails through to a complete multitable application:
[link] - Installing Ruby and Rails
[link] - Hello World, Ruby on Rails Style
[link] - What and Why - Model, View, Controller
[link] - Multiple views, same model
[link] - A form to allow data to be added to the model
[link] - Validating data entries for storage in the model
[link] - Cleanly viewing model data
[link] - Complete sample, including a multiple table model
These topics are covered on our Introduction to Rails day - an optional extension of Ruby Programming or Learning to program in Ruby


(written 2012-06-23)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
R202 - Ruby on Rails
  [4013] Web Frameworks - nested templates - (2013-02-22)
  [4010] Really Simple Rails - (2013-02-17)
  [3919] What is a web framework? - (2012-11-10)
  [3780] Ruby of Rails - cleanly displaying model data in the view - (2012-06-23)
  [3778] Providing a form to allow the user to add data to the model - Ruby on Rails - (2012-06-23)
  [3777] Multiple views in a single appication - sharing common parts of the template - Ruby on Rails - (2012-06-23)
  [3772] Hello World - Ruby on Rails - a checklist of each step - (2012-06-22)
  [3756] Ruby on Rails - how it flows, and where the files go - (2012-06-08)
  [3624] Why do we need a Model, View, Controller architecture? - (2012-02-25)
  [2609] Scope of variables - important to Ruby on Rails - (2010-01-31)
  [2607] Answers on Ruby on Rails - (2010-01-30)
  [2605] Ruby on Rails - a sample application to teach you how - (2010-01-30)
  [1745] Moodle, Drupal, Django (and Rails) - (2008-08-08)
  [1375] Python v Ruby - (2007-10-02)
  [1302] Ruby, Ruby, Ruby. Rails, Rails, Rails. - (2007-08-13)
  [1050] The HTML++ Metalanguage - (2007-01-22)


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This is a page archived from The Horse's Mouth at http://www.wellho.net/horse/ - the diary and writings of Graham Ellis. Every attempt was made to provide current information at the time the page was written, but things do move forward in our business - new software releases, price changes, new techniques. Please check back via our main site for current courses, prices, versions, etc - any mention of a price in "The Horse's Mouth" cannot be taken as an offer to supply at that price.

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