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For 2021 - online Python 3 training - see ((here)).

Our plans were to retire in summer 2020 and see the world, but Coronavirus has lead us into a lot of lockdown programming in Python 3 and PHP 7.
We can now offer tailored online training - small groups, real tutors - works really well for groups of 4 to 14 delegates. Anywhere in the world; course language English.

Please ask about private 'maintenance' training for Python 2, Tcl, Perl, PHP, Lua, etc.
Exceptions - Tcl style

Checking for all possible errors isn't a "failsafe" way of coding. If you try and check for absolutely any error, you're still very likely to miss one or two possibilities, and it's fare better to add a block to your code to say (in essence) "if anything at all goes wrong, go here...". And that's commonly known as throwing and catching exceptions.

Tcl has a catch command:
  catch {code block} varname
in which you can wrap a piece of code from which you want to catch exceptions. The result of running the block - either its return value or error message - will be saved into the named variable. Catch also return a true / false boolean so that you know whether or not an exception was thrown. So - put your catch into an if block ... and add exception handling code in the optional block. There's a full example [here] from the Tcl course I was teaching yesterday.

Tcl also supports an unknown command, which is run if you ask for a command that's not defined to be run. That's a further type of exception catching - also illustrated in the example that I've linked to above.
(written 2011-05-12)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
T214 - Tcl/Tk - Other Facilities in Tcl
  [239] What and why for the epoch - (2005-03-08)
  [364] pu daily and p hourly - (2005-06-30)
  [366] Error handling in Tcl through catch - (2005-07-02)
  [461] Shortened interactive commands - (2005-10-11)
  [748] Getting rid of variables after you have finished with them - (2006-06-06)
  [782] Converting between Hex and Decimal in Tcl - (2006-06-28)
  [1277] AgtInvoke - a command to drive Agilent Tcl software extensions - (2007-07-26)
  [1334] Stable sorting - Tcl, Perl and others - (2007-09-06)
  [1338] Handling Binary data in Tcl (with a note on C) - (2007-09-09)
  [2467] Tcl - catching an error before your program crashes - (2009-10-22)
  [3570] Trapping errors in Tcl - the safety net that catch provides - (2012-01-06)
  [3583] Expanding a list of parameters in Tcl - {*} and eval - (2012-01-17)
  [4207] Exception handling in Tcl - (2013-11-14)
  [4523] Catching failed commands and not crashing the program in Tcl - (2015-10-10)
  [4525] What does Tcl do if you try to run a command that is not defined? - (2015-10-10)
  [4762] Coverage map in Tcl - how many times has each proc been called? - (2017-09-28)


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Exceptions - Tcl style
Should we cover expect and/or Tk on our public Tcl courses?
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This is a page archived from The Horse's Mouth at http://www.wellho.net/horse/ - the diary and writings of Graham Ellis. Every attempt was made to provide current information at the time the page was written, but things do move forward in our business - new software releases, price changes, new techniques. Please check back via our main site for current courses, prices, versions, etc - any mention of a price in "The Horse's Mouth" cannot be taken as an offer to supply at that price.

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