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Apache httpd Server Status - monitoring your server

Do you want to know how your Apache httpd web server is running? The Server Status tool - a standard module supplied with the httpd daemon - can give you a lot of information, but by default it's turned off.

Turning it on ...

A work of caution before you turn it on. You do NOT want this to be world visible, so you'll want to limit the access.

1. In httpd.conf, remove the comment (#) in front of the httpd-info.conf line:

Include conf/extra/httpd-info.conf

2. In extra/httpd-info.conf, remove comments (#) in front of the server status lines AND SET UP YOUR OWN DENY RULES:

<Location /server-status>
  SetHandler server-status
  Order deny,allow
  Deny from all
  Allow from 94.169.96.118 82.46.84.213 83.170 127.0.0.1
</Location>


The IP addresses listed are our specific client (browsing) locations, and the server itself, which responds in our case to several IP addressed in the 83.170 range; the server itself needs to get the report for its regular logging via scripts such as the one supplied (very old) with httpd sources, or [this one].

3. Having limited where the data can be seen from, you can turn full status reports on:

ExtendedStatus On

Using it

1. By default, you get a full report when you visit the URL that you've set up above

2. You many add ?refresh=nn to the URL, where "nn" is the number of seconds between reports, and it will the autorefresh

3. As an alternative, you may add ?auto to the URL, in which case you'll gt a shortened report in an easier format for automated tools to use.

Reading the result

Server Status - snapshotHere's a snapshot of our live server ... at a very quiet time. I had restarted it (part of the cleanups and work I was doing to write this series of articles) and hour previously, and there had been 5595 requests in that time. The processor was pretty close to being idle (but, beware, this is only the Apache usage, not the cpu as a whole) and the total traffic had only been about 15 Mbytes.

One process had completed and was being closed
One process was actually sending a reply (the read having been completed)
Eight processes had completed, but were being kept alive in case of other requests from the same client
and there were 25 open slots

Looking at the process by process report, you can see the details of the most recent request on each slot (the active one in the case of the working process). You'll notice a strange OPTIONS line on slot 4 ... that's standard in Apache 2.2 and it's how the server tells its own processes to neatly close out. If you're watching a server log file with tail -f and it goes quiet, you'll see a whole bunch of these pop up.

Much of the further information about each slot is cumulative since the process in it was started; it does not relate to just the current or most recent use.

(written 2010-10-28)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
A606 - Web Application Deployment - Apache httpd - log files and log tools
  [4491] Web Server Admin - some of those things that happen, and solutions - (2015-05-10)
  [4404] Which (virtual) host was visited? Tuning Apache log files, and Python analysis - (2015-01-23)
  [4307] Identifying and clearing denial of service attacks on your Apache server - (2014-09-27)
  [3984] 20 minutes in to our 15 minutes of fame - (2013-01-20)
  [3974] TV show appearance - how does it effect your web site? - (2013-01-13)
  [3670] Reading Google Analytics results, based on the relative populations of countries - (2012-03-24)
  [3554] Learning more about our web site - and learning how to learn about yours - (2011-12-17)
  [3491] Who is knocking at your web site door? Are you well set up to deal with allcomers? - (2011-10-21)
  [3447] Needle in a haystack - finding the web server overload - (2011-09-18)
  [3443] Getting more log information from the Apache http web server - (2011-09-16)
  [3087] Making the most of critical emails - reading behind the scene - (2010-12-16)
  [3027] Server logs - drawing a graph of gathered data - (2010-11-03)
  [3015] Logging the performance of the Apache httpd web server - (2010-10-25)
  [1796] libwww-perl and Indy Library in your server logs? - (2008-09-13)
  [1780] Server overloading - turns out to be feof in PHP - (2008-09-01)
  [1761] Logging Cookies with the Apache httpd web server - (2008-08-20)
  [1656] Be careful of misreading server statistics - (2008-05-28)
  [1598] Every link has two ends - fixing 404s at the recipient - (2008-04-02)
  [1503] Web page (http) error status 405 - (2008-01-12)
  [1237] What proportion of our web traffic is robots? - (2007-06-19)
  [376] What brings people to my web site? - (2005-07-13)

A692 - Web Application Deployment - Monitoring and load testing your server
  [2272] Monitoring and loading tools for testing Apache Tomcat - (2009-07-07)
  [2082] Jmeter - a first test case - (2009-03-14)
  [2080] Using ApacheBench and jconsole to test and monitor Tomcat - (2009-03-14)
  [2079] Java - Memory Allocation and garbage collection - (2009-03-14)
  [1718] Increasing Java Virtual Machine memory for Tomcat - (2008-07-24)


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This is a page archived from The Horse's Mouth at http://www.wellho.net/horse/ - the diary and writings of Graham Ellis. Every attempt was made to provide current information at the time the page was written, but things do move forward in our business - new software releases, price changes, new techniques. Please check back via our main site for current courses, prices, versions, etc - any mention of a price in "The Horse's Mouth" cannot be taken as an offer to supply at that price.

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