For 2021 - online Python 3 training - see ((here)).
Our plans were to retire in summer 2020 and see the world, but Coronavirus has lead us into a lot of lockdown programming in Python 3 and PHP 7.
We can now offer tailored online training - small groups, real tutors - works really well for groups of 4 to 14 delegates. Anywhere in the world; course language English.
Please ask about private 'maintenance' training for Python 2, Tcl, Perl, PHP, Lua, etc.
Removing the new line with chop or chomp in Perl - what is the difference?
Where Perl supports functions of similar names, you'll find they do similar things - such as chop v chomp.
always removes the last character of a string
removes the last character of a string but only if it is a new line
Both chop and chomp alter the variable that's passed in to them and they return result; in the case of chop
, that's the character that was removed and in the case of chomp (since you'll already know the character), it's the number
of characters removed.
Since functions like print
all output the result of any other functions they call, using a chop
directly with a one of them will result in a new line or a count being displayed / output, rather than a reduced version of the input string.
Sample program ... including sample outputs ... [here]
will also work on a list, removing final new-line characters from each member of the list
• If you want to trim all the white spaces, as well as any new line character, off the end of a string, you can do it in a single operation using the s
$varname =~ s/\s+$//;
which (in literal terms) replaces one or more trailing white space characters - space, tab, new line and carriage return - with nothing. (written 2010-09-21)
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articlesP205 - Perl - Initial String Handling 
Here documents - (2004-08-28) 
x operator in Perl - (2005-03-22) 
The backtick operator in Python and Perl - (2005-05-25) 
String duplication - x in Perl, * in Python and Ruby - (2006-12-07) 
Ruby v Perl - interpollating variables - (2006-12-15) 
Regular Express Primer - (2007-05-20) 
Underlining in Perl and Python - the x and * operator in use - (2008-04-12) 
String matching in Perl with Regular Expressions - (2008-10-20) 
Seven new intermediate Perl examples - (2008-10-30) 
Perl - skip the classics and use regular expressions - (2010-06-08) 
Intelligent Matching in Perl - (2010-06-18) 
Are you learning Perl? Some more examples for you! - (2010-06-27) 
Lots of ways of doing it in Perl - printing out answers - (2010-10-19) 
Single and double quotes strings in Perl - what is the difference? - (2011-08-30) 
Using Perl to generate multiple reports from a HUGE file, efficiently - (2011-12-09) 
Dark mornings, dog update, and Python and Lua courses before Christmas - (2011-12-10) 
Sample answers to training course exercises - available on our web site - (2012-06-21)
Some other Articles
Multiway branches in Perl - the given and when syntaxCheap Country Hotel in Melksham, Wiltshire?Testimonials - Well House Consultants Open Source coursesAn introduction to file handling in programs - buffering, standard in and out, and file handlesRemoving the new line with chop or chomp in Perl - what is the difference?Well House Manor - the history of the hotelInitial handling of phone calls and walk in visitorsThe Well House team - September 2010A Melksham news roundupWhat do these road markings mean? Could Confusion Kill?
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