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Connecting Python to sqlite and MySQL databases

For developing a Python application, and for light use, the SQLite database may be a good choice ... but then you may want to be able to expand the system to use a central database with a more classic server such as MySQL at a later date.

Using Polymorphism in Python, and with a careful choice of which database connector you use, you should be able to write code that is easily ported.

I have written a simple demonstration that connects to a database (whether it's a local file via SQlite or a server via MySQL), creates two new tables, populates the tables with data, then does a left join.

The connection to the databases differs. Here it is for SQlite:

import sqlite3
conn = sqlite3.connect('/tmp/example')


and here it is for MySQL:

import mysql.connector
conn = mysql.connector.Connect(host='192.168.200.115',\
  ' user='demo',password='abc123',database='test')


But thereafter, the code is the same - so it will work equally on a local SQLite database, and on a database on my server at 192.168.200.115. Source code for the sqlite example - [here] and for the MySQL example [here].

The sqlite drivers are now INCLUDED with Python Distributions. MySQL connector/Python is available at places including [here] at Launchpad. Stated o be in early condition, but some people swear by it already!

(written 2010-04-28)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
S156 - Interfacing Applications to MySQL Databases
  [3455] MySQL, MySQLi, PDO or something else - how best to talk to databases from PHP - (2011-09-24)
  [3447] Needle in a haystack - finding the web server overload - (2011-09-18)
  [3099] Perl - database access - DBD, DBI and DBIx modules - (2010-12-22)
  [3035] How to display information from a database within a web page - (2010-11-07)
  [2790] Joining a MySQL table from within a Python program - (2010-06-02)
  [2381] Checking the database connection manually - (2009-08-28)
  [2263] Mysqldump fails as a cron job - a work around - (2009-06-30)
  [1885] Hiding a MySQL database behind a web page - (2008-11-15)
  [1561] Uploading to a MySQL database through PHP - examples and common questions - (2008-03-02)
  [1518] Downloading data for use in Excel (from PHP / MySQL) - (2008-01-25)
  [1450] Easy selection of multiple SQL conditions from PHP - (2007-11-30)
  [1381] Using a MySQL database to control mod_rewrite via PHP - (2007-10-06)
  [723] Viewing images held in a MySQL database via PHP - (2006-05-17)
  [663] Python to MySQL - (2006-03-31)
  [644] Using a MySQL database from Perl - (2006-03-13)
  [104] mysql_connect or mysql_pconnect in PHP? - (2004-10-30)

S200 - MySQL - SQLite
  [4024] SQL databases from Python - an SQLite example - (2013-03-02)
  [4007] Which database should I use? MySQL v SQLite - (2013-02-16)
  [4006] Ruby / SQLite3 example program, showing JOIN v LEFT JOIN - (2013-02-16)
  [3269] Files or Databases? MySQL, SQLite, or Oracle? - (2011-04-28)
  [3139] Steering our Python courses towards wxPython, SQLite and Django - (2011-01-19)
  [2786] Factory methods and SqLite in use in a Python teaching example - (2010-05-29)
  [2746] Model - View - Controller demo, Sqlite - Python 3 - Qt4 - (2010-04-29)
  [2744] PyQt (Python and Qt) and wxPython - GUI comparison - (2010-04-28)
  [2561] The future of MySQL - (2010-01-03)

Y113 - Python and SQL databases
  [4086] Cacheing class for Python - using a local SQLite database as a key/value store - (2013-05-14)
  [3136] A framework with python - Django - first steps - (2011-01-17)

Y115 - Additional Python Facilities
  [4298] Python - an interesting application - (2014-09-18)
  [4211] Handling JSON in Python (and a csv, marshall and pickle comparison) - (2013-11-16)
  [4085] JSON from Python - first principles, easy example - (2013-05-13)
  [3469] Teaching dilemma - old tricks and techniques, or recent enhancements? - (2011-10-08)
  [3442] A demonstration of how many Python facilities work together - (2011-09-16)
  [3089] Python regular expressions - repeating, splitting, lookahead and lookbehind - (2010-12-17)
  [2765] Running operating system commands from your Python program - (2010-05-14)
  [2764] Python decorators - your own, staticmethod and classmethod - (2010-05-14)
  [2721] Regular Expressions in Python - (2010-04-14)
  [2655] Python - what is going on around me? - (2010-02-28)
  [2462] Python - how it saves on compile time - (2009-10-20)
  [2435] Serialization - storing and reloading objects - (2009-10-04)
  [2407] Testing code in Python - doctest, unittest and others - (2009-09-16)
  [1876] Python Regular Expressions - (2008-11-08)
  [1337] A series of tyre damages - (2007-09-08)
  [1336] Ignore case in Regular Expression - (2007-09-08)
  [1305] Regular expressions made easy - building from components - (2007-08-16)
  [1149] Turning objects into something you can store - Pickling (Python) - (2007-04-15)
  [1136] Buffering output - why it is done and issues raised in Tcl, Perl, Python and PHP - (2007-04-06)
  [1043] Sending an email from Python - (2007-01-18)
  [901] Python - listing out the contents of all variables - (2006-10-21)
  [753] Python 3000 - the next generation - (2006-06-09)
  [672] Keeping your regular expressions simple - (2006-04-05)
  [463] Splitting the difference - (2005-10-13)
  [239] What and why for the epoch - (2005-03-08)
  [208] Examples - Gadfly, NI Number, and Tcl to C interface - (2005-02-10)
  [183] The elegance of Python - (2005-01-19)


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