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The same very simple program in many different programming languages

I was asked how many languages I teach yesterday - and the answer's quite a few; at times, it's almost "the more the merrier" as to a very great extent they are varieties on a theme much of the way - but different balances of features make some languages especially good for some uses.

As a geek's relaxation after some very heavy days, I have just taken a very simple example - a loop counting downwards - from yesterday's Lua course, and recoded it into a number of different languages - I'll share the code here:

In C

#include <stdio.h>
main() {
  int k;
  for (k=10; k>=1; k--) {
    printf("%d\n",k);
  }
}


C Courses - Source of this example

In C++

using namespace std;
#include <iostream>
main() {
  int k;
  for (k=10; k>=1; k--) {
    cout << k << endl;
  }
}


C++ Courses - Source of this example

In Java

public class revl {
  public static void main(String [] args) {
    int k;
    for (k=10; k>=1; k--) {
      System.out.println(k);
    }
  }


Java Courses - Source of this example

}

In Lua

for k=10,1,-1 do
  print (k)
  end


Lua Courses - Source of this example

In PHP

<?php
for ($k=10; $k>=1; $k--) {
  print ("$k\n");
  }
?>


PHP Courses - Source of this example

In Perl

for ($k=10; $k>=1; $k--) {
  print ("$k\n");
  }


Perl Courses - Source of this example

In Python

for k in range(10,0,-1):
  print k


Python Courses - Source of this example

In Ruby

for k in 1..10
  print ("#{11-k}\n")
  end

Ruby Courses - Source of this example

In Shell (works in ksh and bash)

let a=10
while [[ $a -ge 1 ]] ; do
  echo $a
  let a-=1
done


Linux / Unix / Shell Courses - Source of this example

and in Tcl

set k 10
while {$k >= 1} {
  puts $k
  incr k -1
  }


Tcl, Tk, Expect Courses - Source of this example

In Summary ... there are many ways of doing something like this in all of the languages - the examples above are not necessarily best practise, but they give you an idea of programs, loops, variables, and how they compare. I could have added Javascript, XSLT, Fortran, C Shell, Basic and perhaps a few others - but the above are just the languages I happened to have on the machine I was using - one of our teaching machines - and I could test them quickly. Did someone mention awk ...

(written 2010-03-31, updated 2010-04-01)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
G908 - Well House Consultants - Language Comparisons
  [3785] Programming languages - what are the differences between them? - (2012-06-27)
  [3169] Rekeying a table - comparison in #Ruby #Perl and #Python - (2011-02-14)
  [3112] Public and private courses - subjects available for 2011 - (2010-12-29)
  [3003] What will we be teaching in six years? - (2010-10-17)
  [2947] Teaching Lua to a Perl advocate - (2010-09-06)
  [2866] Ruby - how does it compare and where is it the right language? - (2010-07-11)
  [2755] Books in the store in the USA - still a portent of the UK market to come? - (2010-05-08)
  [1990] Speaking all the languages - (2009-01-12)
  [1717] Q - Should I use Perl or Python? - (2008-07-23)
  [1582] Ruby, C, Java and more - getting out of loops - (2008-03-19)
  [209] FAQ - Perl or PHP - (2005-02-11)

Q102 - Choosing your language
  [3764] Shell, Awk, Perl of Python? - (2012-06-14)
  [3619] Ruby v Perl - a comparison example - (2012-02-21)
  [3558] Python or Lua - which should I use / learn? - (2011-12-21)
  [2536] All the Cs ... and Java too - (2009-12-13)
  [2535] When should I use Java, Perl, PHP, or Python? - (2009-12-13)
  [2507] Admission - (2009-11-19)
  [2048] Learning to program in PHP, Python, Java or Lua ... - (2009-02-19)
  [2001] I have not programmed before, and need to learn - (2009-01-19)
  [76] Learning to program in - (2004-10-07)


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