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For 2021 - online Python 3 training - see ((here)).

Our plans were to retire in summer 2020 and see the world, but Coronavirus has lead us into a lot of lockdown programming in Python 3 and PHP 7.
We can now offer tailored online training - small groups, real tutors - works really well for groups of 4 to 14 delegates. Anywhere in the world; course language English.

Please ask about private 'maintenance' training for Python 2, Tcl, Perl, PHP, Lua, etc.
Pointers to Pointers to Pointers - what is the point?

From today's course - a new example showing pointers to pointers to pointers. But why?

C pointers are useful in many ways:
• they let you pass a single value into a function that holds a whole collection of data
• they let you call by 'name' so that functions can alter values (see here)
• they let you access additional dynamic memory (example of that - here)
• they let functions return an item that's of unknown size.

But why pointers to pointers? Because they let you hold and process collections withing collections easily. As well as the first example, we have another example that does this - pascal's triangle all in dynamic memory - here.

And in real life, it can represent a whole data heirarcy too.
• I have a number of food product objects
• Each is in a dish object
• A number of dish objects meal up a meal object
• and we build up a collection of meal objects into a daily diet.
And we could go on.
• A familiy's daily diet objects makes a shopping object
• and a store's customers each day make up a turnover
I think I may have six levels of pointers there.

This all gets very hard to write and to look after; structured coding can help, but far better to use objects, which is where C++ comes in. I'm teaching a C++ Course tomorrow ... so I expect you may find some more examples along these line on the next blog entries.
(written 2010-03-10)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
C207 - C and C based languages - Pointers and references
  [1155] Pointers in C - (2007-04-19)
  [1478] Some new C programming examples - files, structs, unions etc - (2007-12-19)
  [1497] Training Season Starts again! - (2008-01-07)
  [2005] Variables and pointers and references - C and C++ - (2009-01-23)
  [2572] The what and why of C pointers - (2010-01-13)
  [3004] Increment operators for counting - Perl, PHP, C and others - (2010-10-18)
  [3121] New year, new C Course - (2011-01-05)
  [3238] Bradshaw, Ben and Bill. And some C and C++ pointers and references too. - (2011-04-09)
  [3242] How to return 2 values from a function (C++ and C) - more uses of pointers - (2011-04-10)
  [3386] Adding the pieces together to make a complete language - C - (2011-08-11)
  [3399] From fish, loaves and apples to money, plastic cards and BACS (Perl references explained) - (2011-08-20)
  [4128] Allocating memory dynamically in a static language like C - (2013-06-30)
  [4560] Variables, Pointers and References - C and C++ - (2015-10-29)


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Melksham - Carnival, Party in the Park, and Spot the Oddity
Pointers to Pointers to Pointers - what is the point?
Efficient use of dynamic memory - C and realloc
Is it worth it?
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This is a page archived from The Horse's Mouth at http://www.wellho.net/horse/ - the diary and writings of Graham Ellis. Every attempt was made to provide current information at the time the page was written, but things do move forward in our business - new software releases, price changes, new techniques. Please check back via our main site for current courses, prices, versions, etc - any mention of a price in "The Horse's Mouth" cannot be taken as an offer to supply at that price.

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