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Converting to Perl - the sort of programs you will write

I've put many of the examples that I wrote during last week's Perl Course into our converting to Perl resource, and they've available for use and download from there, subject to the usual "use at your own risk" exclusion!

Read from a file handle in Perl Where delegates are used to prescriptive, declared languages such as Cobol (or being more modern, Java!), the Perl ethoses of 'Perl assumes you know what you are doing" and 'you don't need to tell Perl - it can work it out' and 'if you leave out a variable name, it may assume $_' can cause a considerable degree of consternation and be quite hard to accept - after all, they have always been taught to remain in their seat until the aircraft comes to a complete halt, and the idea of getting up at 2500 feet and jumping out is alien to them, however safe the parachute of Perl might be, and however much quicker they'll get home by jumping out and landing in their own back garden rather than carrying on to some London airport from where they have to get land transport back home.

There's a wide variety of examples in that directory, then ... let me give you some tasters and you can then explore further ...

[link] to documentation and documentation comment example. With such a freeflow language as Perl, it's vital for you to comment it well and also provide user documentation.

[link] to an example that uses list processing; in Perl, there are many occasions where you don't need to write code to process every elememt of a list - built in functions do the looping for you resulting in shorter and faster running code

[link] to a context example. Languages like English use 'context' to add sense to works. If I write "Reading is a ...", you won't know if I'm referring to the town or the skill until I add the next work ... "Thames side" will tell you it's a town and "useful" will imply that it's probably the skill. Perl supports context too - you'll see different behaviours is some thing's used as a scalar, as a list, as a string within double quotes, or as an integer.

[link] to a 'live' web log file analysis example. This example uses many of the fundamental Perl elements (list, hashes, regular expressions and more) for the rapidly written analysis of a file. As an example during the course, I analysed my 35 Mbyte log file from the previous day, and this example is the code I wrote. You'll see how many hits we had to each page, and a sorted table showing what proportion of our traffic was for each of the pages, sorted by page traffic levels.


Illustration - In Perl, you use the < and > pair to say "read from" a file handle; there are 4 file handles always open and available - for reading you have ~STDIN and DATA (STDOUT and STDERR are for output) and you simply read from them an assign into a variable. No need to open, no need to declare the variable they're going on to as it will be automatically created ....
(written 2009-03-08)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
P201 - Perl - Introduction
  [2832] Are you learning Perl? Some more examples for you! - (2010-06-27)
  [2812] What is Perl? - (2010-06-15)
  [1852] Perl and Blackberries - (2008-10-23)
  [1753] Perl v PHP, choosing the right language - (2008-08-14)
  [1717] Q - Should I use Perl or Python? - (2008-07-23)
  [924] The LAMP Cookbook - Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP / Perl - (2006-11-13)
  [846] Is Perl being replaced by PHP and Python? - (2006-08-27)
  [743] How to debug a Perl program - (2006-06-04)
  [691] Testing you Perl / PHP / MySQL / Tcl knowledge - (2006-04-19)
  [629] Choosing the right language - (2006-03-01)
  [604] Perl - multiprocess applications - (2006-02-13)
  [594] Twice is a co-incidence and three times is a pattern - (2006-02-07)
  [577] Learning to program in Perl or PHP - (2006-01-26)
  [382] Central London Courses - Perl, PHP, Python, Tcl, MySQL - (2005-07-18)
  [317] Programming languages - a comparison - (2005-05-20)
  [25] Release numbers - (2004-08-23)

P704 - Managing Perl Projects
  [2375] Designing your data structures for a robust Perl application - (2009-08-25)
  [1395] Dont just convert to Perl - re-engineer! - (2007-10-18)
  [836] Build on what you already have with OO - (2006-08-17)


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