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For 2021 - online Python 3 training - see ((here)).

Our plans were to retire in summer 2020 and see the world, but Coronavirus has lead us into a lot of lockdown programming in Python 3 and PHP 7.
We can now offer tailored online training - small groups, real tutors - works really well for groups of 4 to 14 delegates. Anywhere in the world; course language English.

Please ask about private 'maintenance' training for Python 2, Tcl, Perl, PHP, Lua, etc.
PHP - Parse error: syntax error, unexpected $end ...

Have you ever had an irritating PHP message that says "parse error" or "syntax" error and little else - and points to $end / the last line of your PHP file which is (a) perfectly ok and (b) probably HTML anyway? Something like this:

Dorothy:~ grahamellis$ php floppy
 
Parse error: syntax error, unexpected $end in /Users/grahamellis/floppy on line 56
Dorothy:~ grahamellis$


The problem is very likely to be a missing close brace - } - in other words, an if or while, a function or class or something similar isn't completed.

How do you find out just where the problem lies in what could be a big file?

a) Think about what you have just changed since you last ran the PHP - that will give you immediate pointers

b) If you're using an editor such as vi, my personal trick is to add in an extra } at the end of my code, then use the % command to find the matching bracket; it may not be exactly the problem one, but it's a good pointer to the area of concern in the code.
(written 2008-12-23)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
H312 - PHP - Tips and Techniques
  [789] Hot answers in PHP - (2006-07-02)
  [917] Syntax checking in PHP - (2006-11-07)
  [1010] Dates, times, clickable diarys in PHP - (2006-12-28)
  [1270] PHP Standalone - keyboard to screen - (2007-07-18)
  [1649] Easy conversion - image formats, currencies and distances - (2008-05-21)
  [1667] Checking server performance for PHP generated pages - (2008-06-06)
  [1684] Two PHP include files to make easy web site indexing and navigation - (2008-06-21)
  [1983] Keeping PHP code in database and running it - (2009-01-09)
  [2025] Injection Attack if register_globals in on - PHP - (2009-02-04)
  [2274] PHP preg functions - examples and comparision - (2009-07-08)
  [2478] How did I do THAT? - (2009-10-26)
  [2981] How to set up short and meaningfull alternative URLs - (2010-10-02)
  [4074] A comment on comments in PHP - (2013-04-28)
  [4310] Problem ... I want to print a series of numbered forms - (2014-10-05)
  [4319] PHP - some quick fixes if scripts have issues, and how to use our support - (2014-11-19)
  [4426] FileMaker Day to Unix Time conversion - (2015-02-15)
  [4621] The power of scripting - (2016-01-12)

H101 - Introduction to PHP
  [48] PHP - onwards and upwards - (2004-09-14)
  [55] Evening classes to learn PHP - (2004-09-19)
  [93] Case Sensitive? - (2004-10-19)
  [124] PHP v Java - (2004-11-20)
  [132] Portrait of the author - (2004-11-27)
  [135] Too many Perls - (2004-11-30)
  [317] Programming languages - a comparison - (2005-05-20)
  [341] Happy Birthday, PHP - (2005-06-09)
  [380] Bridging to the customer requirement - (2005-07-16)
  [382] Central London Courses - Perl, PHP, Python, Tcl, MySQL - (2005-07-18)
  [433] FTP - how to make the right transfers - (2005-09-01)
  [577] Learning to program in Perl or PHP - (2006-01-26)
  [624] It's REALLY easy to add a little PHP - (2006-02-26)
  [629] Choosing the right language - (2006-03-01)
  [646] PHP - London course, Melksham Course, Evening course - (2006-03-14)
  [691] Testing you Perl / PHP / MySQL / Tcl knowledge - (2006-04-19)
  [712] Why reinvent the wheel - (2006-05-06)
  [795] Remember a site's non-technical issues too - (2006-07-07)
  [846] Is Perl being replaced by PHP and Python? - (2006-08-27)
  [924] The LAMP Cookbook - Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP / Perl - (2006-11-13)
  [949] Sludge off the mountain, and Python and PHP - (2006-11-27)
  [1050] The HTML++ Metalanguage - (2007-01-22)
  [1198] From Web to Web 2 - (2007-05-21)
  [1717] Q - Should I use Perl or Python? - (2008-07-23)
  [1753] Perl v PHP, choosing the right language - (2008-08-14)
  [2097] PHP Course - for hobby / club / charity users. - (2009-03-22)
  [3025] Learning to Program ... in PHP. Course examples. - (2010-11-01)
  [4118] We not only teach PHP and Python - we teach good PHP and Python Practice! - (2013-06-18)


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Some other Articles
Index Card System for Game Characters in PHP
Making our things easier to find
Christmas Survivors
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PHP - Parse error: syntax error, unexpected $end ...
Why are cooks bad tempered?
Images for Christmas
How to avoid duplicating web page maintainance
mod_rewrite for newcomers
End of Training, 2008
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This is a page archived from The Horse's Mouth at http://www.wellho.net/horse/ - the diary and writings of Graham Ellis. Every attempt was made to provide current information at the time the page was written, but things do move forward in our business - new software releases, price changes, new techniques. Please check back via our main site for current courses, prices, versions, etc - any mention of a price in "The Horse's Mouth" cannot be taken as an offer to supply at that price.

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