Home Accessibility Courses Twitter The Mouth Facebook Resources Site Map About Us Contact
 
For 2021 - online Python 3 training - see ((here)).

Our plans were to retire in summer 2020 and see the world, but Coronavirus has lead us into a lot of lockdown programming in Python 3 and PHP 7.
We can now offer tailored online training - small groups, real tutors - works really well for groups of 4 to 14 delegates. Anywhere in the world; course language English.

Please ask about private 'maintenance' training for Python 2, Tcl, Perl, PHP, Lua, etc.
What is my real and my effective ID? [Linux]

When you're logged in to a Linux or Unix system, you should normally be running through a user account - and not as the system administrator (root). The root account should be reserved for systems admin tasks where the extra authority is needed.

The who, users, whoami and id commands all tell you who you are running as ...


[trainee@crocus ~]$ who
trainee pts/0 Aug 25 15:39 (192.168.200.90)
[trainee@crocus ~]$ who am i
trainee pts/0 Aug 25 15:39 (192.168.200.90)
[trainee@crocus ~]$ users
trainee
[trainee@crocus ~]$ id -a
uid=500(trainee) gid=48(apache) groups=48(apache)
context=user_u:system_r:unconfined_t
[trainee@crocus ~]$ whoami
trainee
[trainee@crocus ~]$


If you need root access, you should gain it using the su command with the - option - and that changes your effective user id to root, but leaves your real id as your original user.

The who and the users command will report your real id.
The id -a and the whoami command will report your effective id.

[trainee@crocus ~]$ su -
Password: ********
[root@crocus ~]# who
trainee pts/0 Aug 25 15:39 (192.168.200.90)
[root@crocus ~]# who am i
trainee pts/0 Aug 25 15:39 (192.168.200.90)
[root@crocus ~]# users
trainee
[root@crocus ~]# id -a
uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root),1(bin),2(daemon),3(sys),
4(adm),6(disk),10(wheel) context=root:system_r:unconfined_t
[root@crocus ~]# whoami
root
[root@crocus ~]#


[b]Remember[/b] to exit as soon as you have done your root-y stuff from the root account!
(written 2008-08-27, updated 2008-09-04)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
A199 - Web Application Deployment - Additional Linux Administration
  [476] May I be politically incorrect? - (2005-10-25)
  [1292] DHCP automatic IP address v Static IP - (2007-08-06)
  [2232] Why sendmail one way, and pop3 the other? - (2009-06-12)


Back to
The Longest Possible Day
Previous and next
or
Horse's mouth home
Forward to
Easterholic
Some other Articles
Pointing all the web pages in a directory at a database
The Rise and Rise of First Bus Fares
Does fruit and veg drag on?
Easterholic
What is my real and my effective ID? [Linux]
The Longest Possible Day
Ken Palm, iTime, and Domain Name Tasting
More HowTo diagrams - MySQL, Tomcat and Java
3 hours from Milton Keynes
July child ponders on August children
4759 posts, page by page
Link to page ... 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96 at 50 posts per page


This is a page archived from The Horse's Mouth at http://www.wellho.net/horse/ - the diary and writings of Graham Ellis. Every attempt was made to provide current information at the time the page was written, but things do move forward in our business - new software releases, price changes, new techniques. Please check back via our main site for current courses, prices, versions, etc - any mention of a price in "The Horse's Mouth" cannot be taken as an offer to supply at that price.

Link to Ezine home page (for reading).
Link to Blogging home page (to add comments).

You can Add a comment or ranking to this page

© WELL HOUSE CONSULTANTS LTD., 2021: 48 Spa Road • Melksham, Wiltshire • United Kingdom • SN12 7NY
PH: 01144 1225 708225 • EMAIL: info@wellho.net • WEB: http://www.wellho.net • SKYPE: wellho

PAGE: http://www.wellho.net/mouth/1774_Wha ... inux-.html • PAGE BUILT: Sun Oct 11 16:07:41 2020 • BUILD SYSTEM: JelliaJamb