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For 2021 - online Python 3 training - see ((here)).

Our plans were to retire in summer 2020 and see the world, but Coronavirus has lead us into a lot of lockdown programming in Python 3 and PHP 7.
We can now offer tailored online training - small groups, real tutors - works really well for groups of 4 to 14 delegates. Anywhere in the world; course language English.

Please ask about private 'maintenance' training for Python 2, Tcl, Perl, PHP, Lua, etc.
example of Tcl namespaces and packages

Packages in Tcl allow you to define a file of code that's going to be loaded as required at run time. Namespaces allow you to define a new set of variable and proc names that doesn't conflict with the variable and proc names in your main program - rather like giving all the variable and procs in part of your code a surname.

Although packages and namespaces are different facilities and technically not linked in any way, in practise they're often used together. I've often been asked for a simple example showing the mechanism of packages and namespaces working together ...

Here's a main program:

lappend auto_path /home/trainee/ltcl/bowbells
package require amerifruit 1.0
puts [usa::grapefruit]

Here's the file that defines the amerifruit package - it happens to be called florida.tcl in a directory called bowbells:

package provide amerifruit 1.0
namespace eval usa {
proc grapefruit {} {
puts "Big water melons"
}
}

The file bowbells/pkgIndex.tcl provides an index that links the amerifruit package to the florida.tcl file:

package ifneeded amerifruit 1.0 [list source [file join $dir florida.tcl]]
package ifneeded fruit 1.0 [list source [file join $dir clements.tcl]]

If you're worried about the syntax of this, don't be; it was genarated by the command
pkg_mkIndex . *.tcl
run in interactive mode in the bowbells directory

For further details and examples, see our training module on the subject
(written 2004-12-10, updated 2006-06-05)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
T213 - Tcl/Tk - Libraries, Packages and Namespaces
  [1339] Packages and Namespaces are like Suitcases and Aircraft - (2007-09-09)
  [1529] Tcl - learning how to use namespaces, packages and libraries together - (2008-02-02)
  [2476] Tcl - uplevel to run code at calling level - (2009-10-24)
  [3066] Separating groups of variables into namespaces - (2010-11-24)
  [3417] What is a namespace and why do we need them? - (2011-09-03)
  [3418] Tcl packages, pkg_mkIndex, pkgIndex.tcl -what are they and why use them. - (2011-09-03)
  [4522] Loading packages in your Tcl program - (2015-10-09)


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