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For 2021 - online Python 3 training - see ((here)).

Our plans were to retire in summer 2020 and see the world, but Coronavirus has lead us into a lot of lockdown programming in Python 3 and PHP 7.
We can now offer tailored online training - small groups, real tutors - works really well for groups of 4 to 14 delegates. Anywhere in the world; course language English.

Please ask about private 'maintenance' training for Python 2, Tcl, Perl, PHP, Lua, etc.
Linux / Unix - process priority and nice

Visit certain theme parks, stand in queues for the rides. OK - that's fair enough at time. But then see folks with "fast pass" special tickets go the front and get, more or less, straight on. You may have seen the scenario ....

But look carefully, and the operators never let the whole of the fast-track bunch through at once. If there's a queue there too, they'll clear it rapidly, but still keep a modicum of flow running from the main lines.
A similar thing happens with Linux / Unix tasks that are awaiting the processor - known as "runnable"s. There's a concept known as "niceness". Default value 0 - standard queue. Positive value - a process that is nice to others and hold back, so lower priority. And a negative value - a process that barges in and gets higher priority treatment.

But there's NOT an absolute rule that runnables are started are run without limit in the order "least nice first" - there has to be some sharing and although the higher priority processes will be kept waiting far less, they will be kept waiting on occasions.

(written 2007-01-10, updated 2007-01-11)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
A164 - Web Application Deployment - Services and Regular Jobs
  [544] Repeating tasks with crontab - (2005-12-27)
  [907] Browser -> httpd -> Tomcat -> MySQL. Restarting. - (2006-10-28)
  [1288] Linux run states, shell special commands, and directory structures - (2007-08-03)
  [1553] Automatic startup and shutdown of Tomcat - (2008-02-24)
  [1633] Changing a screen saver from a web page (PHP, Perl, OSX) - (2008-05-06)
  [1700] FTP server on Fedora Linux - (2008-07-06)
  [1731] Apache httpd, MySQL, PHP - installation procedure - (2008-08-01)
  [1733] memcached - overview, installation, example of use in PHP - (2008-08-02)
  [1765] Dialects of English and Unix - (2008-08-21)
  [1903] daemons - what is running on my Linux server? - (2008-11-23)
  [2145] Using the internet to remotely check for power failure at home (PHP) - (2009-04-29)
  [2182] What Linux run level am I in? - (2009-05-15)
  [3011] What are .pid files? - (2010-10-23)
  [3143] On time - (2011-01-23)
  [3791] The Kernel, Shells and Daemons. Greek Gods in computing - (2012-07-01)
  [3792] Managing daemons from a terminal session - (2012-07-01)
  [4487] Starting MySQL. ERROR! The server quit without updating PID file - how we fixed it. - (2015-05-06)


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This is a page archived from The Horse's Mouth at http://www.wellho.net/horse/ - the diary and writings of Graham Ellis. Every attempt was made to provide current information at the time the page was written, but things do move forward in our business - new software releases, price changes, new techniques. Please check back via our main site for current courses, prices, versions, etc - any mention of a price in "The Horse's Mouth" cannot be taken as an offer to supply at that price.

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