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Making all your .html files run a Perl script

A RECIPE FOR DYNAMIC WEBSITES WITH PERL

or how to turn all ".html" URLs in a directory into dynamic pages via CGI scripts.

1. Enable Overrides on a directory by directory basis.

You'll want something like the following in your file /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

<Directory "/home/website/htdocs">

# The Options directive is both complicated and important. Please see
# http://httpd.apache.org/docs-2.0/mod/core.html#options
# for more information.

    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks ExecCGI

# AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
# It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
# Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit

    AllowOverride All

#
# Controls who can get stuff from this server.
#
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all

</Directory>

It's the AllowOverride All that's vital here.


2. Ensure that your Apache server supports modi_rewrite

This line must be present (and not commented out) in /etc/http/conf/httpd.conf

LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so

If you have had to change your configuration file at steps 1 or 2, remember to restart Apache so that it re-reads the config file!

3. Turn the RewriteEngine on as appropriate

In a file called .htacceess in the directories you want to forward:

RewriteEngine On
RewriteRule ^(.*)\.html /cgi-bin/summat.cgi?what=$1

4. Provide the script to which you've targeted your pages

#!/usr/bin/perl

print "content-type: text/html\n\n";

print "I done REAL fab<br>";
($name,$value) = ($ENV{QUERY_STRING} =~ /(.*)=(.*)/);
print "You have called up page $value.html";


See also Further httpd configuration

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