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For 2023 (and 2024 ...) - we are now fully retired from IT training.
We have made many, many friends over 25 years of teaching about Python, Tcl, Perl, PHP, Lua, Java, C and C++ - and MySQL, Linux and Solaris/SunOS too. Our training notes are now very much out of date, but due to upward compatability most of our examples remain operational and even relevant ad you are welcome to make us if them "as seen" and at your own risk.

Lisa and I (Graham) now live in what was our training centre in Melksham - happy to meet with former delegates here - but do check ahead before coming round. We are far from inactive - rather, enjoying the times that we are retired but still healthy enough in mind and body to be active!

I am also active in many other area and still look after a lot of web sites - you can find an index ((here))
Display normalised MySQL tables on a web page
Designing an SQL Database System example from a Well House Consultants training course
More on Designing an SQL Database System [link]

This example is described in the following article(s):
   • Database design - get it right from first principles - [link]

If you're searching for a page where you can try this code, select here

This example references the following resources:

Source code: tabled.php Module: S154

/* This is an example of a data presentation from a set of
normalised tables via a PHP web page.  Extra example written
during a Well House Consultants training course as demonstration
of principles.

* A number of CLIENTS
* Each client commissions a number of BROCHURES
* Each brochure is available in a number of TRANSLATIONS
* Each translation goes through a number of VERSIONS until it's released

All 4 tables are joined in a select which was tested out with
test data and the mysql client program prior to embedding it into
this test program.

A fifth table contains details of languages; that's included in
the join too.

Same SQL to create the database and tables, populate the tables
with data, and run the test select can be found under



/* Function to add a row to a table on the output.
Adds a start and end table tag if required (see flag params).

Also lengthens and shortens rows after position no. 1 to
ensure that all rows are the same length, right justified. */

function dumptab($lang,$start 1$end 0) {
$intable 0;
# start table if need be
if ($intable == and $start == 1) {
$result .= "\n<table border=1 cellpadding=2>\n";
$intable 1;
# Only add a row if we have some data
if (count($lang) > 0) {
$lenshow 5;
$dots = array(" >>>>> ");
# Shorten row if necessary
if (count($lang) > $lenshow) {
# Lengthen row if necessary
if (count($lang) < $lenshow) {
$space = array();
                        for (
$k=0$k<$lenshow-count($lang); $k++) {
# Generate the row of a now fixed length
$dets "<tr><td width=100>".
implode("</td><td width=140>",$lang).
$result .= $dets;
# End table if necessary
if ($end == 1) {
$result .= "</table>\n";
$intable 0;
# Return an empty row ready for refilling
$lang = array();


# The main code - run the query!


$rset mysql_query("
select *,translation.tid as tiddler, version.vid as viddler
        from (((client left join brochure on client.cid = brochure.cid)
        left join translation on = )
        left join version on translation.tid = version.tid)
        left join language on language.lid = translation.lid
        order by client.cid,, tiddler, viddler"

$result "";
$old_cid = -1;
$old_bid = -1;
$old_tid = -1;
$lang = array();

# Loop through data, setting up a new table when the client or
# project changes, and a new row when the translation changes

while ($row mysql_fetch_assoc($rset)) {
        if (
$row[cid] != $old_cid) {
$lang dumptab($lang,0,1);
$result .= "<br><b>Results for $row[customer]</b><br>";
$old_cid $row[cid];
        if (
$row[bid] != $old_bid) {
$lang dumptab($lang,0,1);
$result .= "<br>Job: <i>$row[jobno]</i><br>";
$old_bid $row[bid];
        if (
$row[tiddler] != $old_tid) {
$lang dumptab($lang,1,0);
$old_tid $row[tiddler];
$lang = array($row[name]);
$statustab = array("not yet known","to be reviewed","ACCEPTED");
$status $statustab[$row[signoff]];
        if (
$row[proofno]) {
array_push($lang,"No. $row[proofno]  - $status");
        } else {
array_push($lang,"No translation available");

# Ensure that the final row and table are added to the result set


<title>Translations in progress</title>
<h2>Job report ...</h2>
<?= $result ?>
This output is from a sample program written by
<a href=>Graham Ellis</a> of
<a href=>Well House Consultants</a> to
demonstrate how a number of tables can be used to hold data
in the form of a normalised database, and that data can be
presented in a restructured report on a web page using PHP.
Related resources:<br>
<a href=>
Source code of this example</a><br>
<a href=>
Source code of simpler (bare bones) example</a><br>
<a href=>
SQL to set up tables</a><br>
<a href=>
SQL to set up sample data</a><br><br>
<a href=>
"Designing a database" index</a>
<br><br>The page your on is the result of just a couple of
hours of work during a
<a href=>public MySQL
course</a> ... if you're new to online applications and have
a requirement to write a system such as this, you'll need to
learn both MySQL, and also
<a href=>PHP</a>.

Learn about this subject
This module and example are covered on our public MySQL course. If you have a group of three or more trainees who need to learn the subject, we can also arrange a private or on site course for you.

Books covering this topic
Yes. We have over 700 books in our library. Books covering are listed here and when you've selected a relevant book we'll link you on to Amazon to order.

Other Examples
This example comes from our "Designing an SQL Database System" training module. You'll find a description of the topic and some other closely related examples on the "Designing an SQL Database System" module index page.

Full description of the source code
You can learn more about this example on the training courses listed on this page, on which you'll be given a full set of training notes.

Many other training modules are available for download (for limited use) from our download centre under an Open Training Notes License.

Other resources
• Our Solutions centre provides a number of longer technical articles.
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The Horse's mouth provides a daily tip or thought.
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• All of these resources can be searched through through our search engine
• And there's a global index here.

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