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MySQL - looking for records in one table that do NOT correspond to records in another table

Q: Can you give an example where I can retrieve all the records of a table "users" where there are no corresponding records in other table "user_role"

A: No (sorry - I'm too busy to set up tables of these names for a demo) but I DO have an example that show you.

We have a table of agents (realtors) and a table of properties they are selling.
• with a regular join, you get all matching records

&bull with a left join, you get all matching records PLUS a row for all the records in the left hand table that don't have anything matching them in the right table

• with a left join and a "where [fieldname] is NULL, you get all the records in the first table that have nothing matching in the second.

Note - you must use is and not = to compare to NULL; NULL is not a value (it is the absence of a value!) so nothing can be equal to it!

mysql> select agent,aid,agid,locate,sid from agents
 join sales on aid=agid;
+--------------------------+-----+------+-------------------+-----+
| agent                    | aid | agid | locate            | sid |
+--------------------------+-----+------+-------------------+-----+
| Kavanaghs                |  10 |   10 | Semington         |   1 |
| Kavanaghs                |  10 |   10 | Melksham          |   2 |
| Kavanaghs                |  10 |   10 | Atworth           |   3 |
| Town and Country Estates |   8 |    8 | Westbury          |   4 |
| Town and Country Estates |   8 |    8 | Trowbridge        |   5 |
| Halifax                  |   6 |    6 | Melksham          |   6 |
| Halifax                  |   5 |    5 | Trowbridge        |   7 |
| Alder King               |   1 |    1 | Trowbridge        |  17 |
| Halifax                  |   5 |    5 | Hilperton         |   8 |
| Jayson Kent              |   4 |    4 | Melksham          |   9 |
| Alder King               |   1 |    1 | Trowbridge        |  18 |
| Jayson Kent              |   4 |    4 | Melksham          |  10 |
| DK Residential           |   3 |    3 | Semington         |  12 |
| DK Residential           |   3 |    3 | Hilperton         |  13 |
| Connells                 |   2 |    2 | Westbury          |  14 |
| Connells                 |   2 |    2 | Trowbridge        |  15 |
| Jayson Kent              |   4 |    4 | Semington         |  20 |
| Connells                 |   2 |    2 | Little Twittering |  21 |
| Greg Pullen              |   7 |    7 | Wenduine          |  22 |
| Jayson Kent              |   4 |    4 | Westbury          |  23 |
+--------------------------+-----+------+-------------------+-----+
20 rows in set (0.07 sec)
 
mysql> select agent,aid,agid,locate,sid from agents 
left join sales on aid=agid; 
+--------------------------+-----+------+-------------------+------+
| agent                    | aid | agid | locate            | sid  |
+--------------------------+-----+------+-------------------+------+
| Alder King               |   1 |    1 | Trowbridge        |   17 |
| Alder King               |   1 |    1 | Trowbridge        |   18 |
| Connells                 |   2 |    2 | Westbury          |   14 |
| Connells                 |   2 |    2 | Trowbridge        |   15 |
| Connells                 |   2 |    2 | Little Twittering |   21 |
| DK Residential           |   3 |    3 | Semington         |   12 |
| DK Residential           |   3 |    3 | Hilperton         |   13 |
| Jayson Kent              |   4 |    4 | Melksham          |    9 |
| Jayson Kent              |   4 |    4 | Melksham          |   10 |
| Jayson Kent              |   4 |    4 | Semington         |   20 |
| Jayson Kent              |   4 |    4 | Westbury          |   23 |
| Halifax                  |   5 |    5 | Trowbridge        |    7 |
| Halifax                  |   5 |    5 | Hilperton         |    8 |
| Halifax                  |   6 |    6 | Melksham          |    6 |
| Greg Pullen              |   7 |    7 | Wenduine          |   22 |
| Town and Country Estates |   8 |    8 | Westbury          |    4 |
| Town and Country Estates |   8 |    8 | Trowbridge        |    5 |
| Davies and Davies        |   9 | NULL | NULL              | NULL |
| Kavanaghs                |  10 |   10 | Semington         |    1 |
| Kavanaghs                |  10 |   10 | Melksham          |    2 |
| Kavanaghs                |  10 |   10 | Atworth           |    3 |
| Andrews                  |  14 | NULL | NULL              | NULL |
| Eddy and Isaac           |  16 | NULL | NULL              | NULL |
| Boris and Boris          |  15 | NULL | NULL              | NULL |
+--------------------------+-----+------+-------------------+------+
24 rows in set (0.00 sec)
 
mysql> select agent,aid,agid,locate,sid from agents 
left join sales on aid=agid where sid is NULL;
+-------------------+-----+------+--------+------+
| agent             | aid | agid | locate | sid  |
+-------------------+-----+------+--------+------+
| Davies and Davies |   9 | NULL | NULL   | NULL |
| Andrews           |  14 | NULL | NULL   | NULL |
| Eddy and Isaac    |  16 | NULL | NULL   | NULL |
| Boris and Boris   |  15 | NULL | NULL   | NULL |
+-------------------+-----+------+--------+------+
4 rows in set (0.01 sec)
 
mysql> 

 
(written 2009-03-31)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
S157 - More MySQL commands
  [4481] Extracting data from backups to restore selected rows from MySQL tables - (2015-05-01)
  [3270] SQL - Data v Metadata, and the various stages of data selection - (2011-04-29)
  [3061] Databases - why data is split into separate tables, and how to join them - (2010-11-20)
  [2647] Removing duplicates from a MySQL table - (2010-02-22)
  [2645] Optimising and caching your MySQL enquiries - (2010-02-22)
  [2644] Counting rows in joined MySQL tables - (2010-02-22)
  [2643] Relating tables with joins in MySQL - (2010-02-21)
  [2448] MySQL - efficiency and other topics - (2009-10-10)
  [2259] Grouping rows for a summary report - MySQL and PHP - (2009-06-27)
  [1904] Ruby, Perl, Linux, MySQL - some training notes - (2008-11-23)
  [1735] Finding words and work boundaries (MySQL, Perl, PHP) - (2008-08-03)
  [1574] Joining MySQL tables revisited - finding nonmatching records, etc - (2008-03-15)
  [1331] MySQL joins revisited - (2007-09-03)
  [1235] Outputting numbers as words - MySQL with Perl or PHP - (2007-06-17)
  [1213] MySQL - the order of clauses and the order of actions - (2007-06-01)
  [673] Helicopter views and tartans - (2006-04-06)
  [591] Key facts - SQL and MySQL - (2006-02-04)
  [581] Saving a MySQL query results to your local disc for Excel - (2006-01-29)
  [572] Giving the researcher power over database analysis - (2006-01-22)
  [567] Combining similar rows from a MySQL database select - (2006-01-17)
  [517] An occasional chance, and reducing data to manageable levels - (2005-12-04)
  [515] MySQL - an FAQ - (2005-12-03)
  [513] MySQL - JOIN or WHERE to link tables correctly? - (2005-12-01)
  [502] SELECT in MySQL - choosing the rows you want - (2005-11-22)
  [494] MySQL - a score of things to remember - (2005-11-12)
  [449] Matching in MySQL - (2005-09-24)
  [279] Getting a list of unique values from a MySQL column - (2005-04-14)
  [159] MySQL - Optimising Selects - (2004-12-21)
  [158] MySQL - LEFT JOIN and RIGHT JOIN, INNER JOIN and OUTER JOIN - (2004-12-20)


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