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For 2021 - online Python 3 training - see ((here)).

Our plans were to retire in summer 2020 and see the world, but Coronavirus has lead us into a lot of lockdown programming in Python 3 and PHP 7.
We can now offer tailored online training - small groups, real tutors - works really well for groups of 4 to 14 delegates. Anywhere in the world; course language English.

Please ask about private 'maintenance' training for Python 2, Tcl, Perl, PHP, Lua, etc.
What is an lvalue? (Perl, C)

An lvalue is an expression that you can write on the left hand side of an assignment statement - in other words an expression that defines a specific memory address of a variable.

The most common lvalues are simple variables or array / list / hash / dictionary members ... for example

$hello = "Hello World";
$greet[5] = "Hello World";
$greet{"UK"} = "Hello World"; # all these in Perl


val = 15;
jolly[posn] = 27; # These two in C


There are some surprises until you think about it.

In Perl you can write $lhs[$n+4] = 17; but not $lhs+4 = 17;. Yet in C, if vvv is a pointer to an array you can write vvv+4 = 15; quite happily - altering the fifth element of the array.

You'll find the term lvalue come up most usually for the programmer in a compiler error message - "invalid lvalue" you will be told. What the compiler really means is that the twit who wrote the code is trying to save a value into an expression that doesn't actually define the memory address of a variable.
(written 2008-03-18)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
P301 - Variables in Perl
  [975] Answering ALL the delegate's Perl questions - (2006-12-09)
  [1946] Variable Types in Perl - (2008-12-15)
  [2241] Perl references - $$var and \$var notations - (2009-06-15)
  [2374] Lead characters on Perl variable names - (2009-08-24)
  [2877] Further more advanced Perl examples - (2010-07-19)
  [2972] Some more advanced Perl examples from a recent course - (2010-09-27)
  [3059] Object Orientation in an hour and other Perl Lectures - (2010-11-18)
  [3430] Sigils - the characters on the start of variable names in Perl, Ruby and Fortran - (2011-09-10)
  [4398] Accessing variables across subroutine boundaries - Perl, Python, Java and Tcl - (2015-01-18)
  [4608] Introspecion in Perl 6 - (2016-01-02)

C212 - C and C based languages - Memory Management
  [1497] Training Season Starts again! - (2008-01-07)
  [1589] Dynamic Memory Allocation in C - calloc, realloc - (2008-03-22)
  [1670] Dynamic Memory Allocation in C - (2008-06-09)
  [1845] Passing a table from Lua into C - (2008-10-18)
  [2669] Efficient use of dynamic memory - C and realloc - (2010-03-10)
  [2848] C course - final course example puts it all together - (2010-07-02)
  [3118] Arrays of arrays - or 2D arrays. How to program tables. - (2011-01-02)
  [3144] Setting up arrays in C - fixed size at compile time, or dynamic - (2011-01-24)
  [3386] Adding the pieces together to make a complete language - C - (2011-08-11)
  [3416] Storing Tcl source code encoded, and running via your own C program - (2011-09-02)
  [4128] Allocating memory dynamically in a static language like C - (2013-06-30)
  [4340] Simple C structs - building up to full, dynamic example - (2014-12-03)
  [4634] Regression testing - via a very short C testing framework - (2016-01-29)
  [4635] Encapsulating logic in functions and structs - the C approach to Object Oriented techniques - (2016-01-30)


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This is a page archived from The Horse's Mouth at http://www.wellho.net/horse/ - the diary and writings of Graham Ellis. Every attempt was made to provide current information at the time the page was written, but things do move forward in our business - new software releases, price changes, new techniques. Please check back via our main site for current courses, prices, versions, etc - any mention of a price in "The Horse's Mouth" cannot be taken as an offer to supply at that price.

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