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Testing for one of a list of values.

Question [PHP] When you have a string of conditions in an 'if' clause and one side of the conditional expression is the same in each condition, is there any shortcut to avoid writing out every expression in full. For examples, rather than writing
if(($name!='Lisa')&&($name!='Leah')&&($name!='Christine')) {
can I write
if($name!=('Lisa'||'Leah'||'Christine')) {

Answer The short answer is "no - you must write it all out if you're using the != operator". In Perl 6 (different language) you WILL have a shortened syntax for this sort of thing but that's highly unusual. But lets' take a wider look at other alternatives.

In php you could write
if (!ereg ('^(Lisa|Leah|Christine)$,$name)) { ....
although that would be slighly less efficient at run time.

I do worry about hardcoding data such as people's names into a program. When Lisa decides she now wants to be called by a different name, or when Chloe joins the team, you're back to the code! Your code would be more maintainable if you had an array of names in a separate file. You could compromise with something like:
$people = array("Hermione","Bob","Sally");
if (in_array($name,$people)) { ...


Note - if you're reading your data into $name from a MySQL database, the INoperator used in a WHERE clause will allow you to filter your data before it ever reaches your PHP variables.


(written 2007-05-22, updated 2010-05-16)

 
Associated topics are indexed as below, or enter http://melksh.am/nnnn for individual articles
H104 - PHP - Control Statements
  [4323] Learning to program - Loop statements such as while - (2014-11-22)
  [4322] Learning to Program - the conditional statement (if) - (2014-11-21)
  [3914] While, for, foreach or something else to loop. - (2012-11-06)
  [3895] Flowchart to program - learning to program with Well House - (2012-10-14)
  [3397] Does a for loop evaluate its end condition once, or on every iteration? - (2011-08-18)
  [3200] How a for loop works Java, Perl and other languages - (2011-03-12)
  [2912] Predictions for the seagull population - (2010-08-09)
  [2304] Extracting real data from an exported file in PHP or Perl - (2009-07-25)
  [1825] Question Mark - Colon operator (Perl and PHP) - (2008-10-08)
  [1696] Saying NOT in Perl, PHP, Python, Lua ... - (2008-07-04)
  [1477] Decisions - small ones, or big ones? - (2007-12-18)
  [1220] for loop - how it works (Perl, PHP, Java, C, etc) - (2007-06-06)
  [1191] Smart English Output - via PHP and Perl ? : operator - (2007-05-18)
  [962] Breaking a loop - Ruby and other languages - (2006-12-03)
  [863] Double and Triple equals operator in PHP - (2006-09-12)
  [657] The ternary operator in Python - (2006-03-25)
  [421] Don't repeat code - use loops or functions - (2005-08-21)
  [406] Assignment, equality and identity in PHP - (2005-08-08)
  [353] Wimbledon Neck - (2005-06-20)
  [340] Code and code maintainance efficiency - (2005-06-08)

H106 - PHP - Arrays
  [4244] Disambiguation - PHP List - (2014-03-07)
  [4072] Splitting the difference with PHP - (2013-04-27)
  [4068] Arrays in PHP - contain different and even mixed data types - (2013-04-24)
  [3534] Learning to program in PHP - Regular Expression and Associative Array examples - (2011-12-01)
  [3379] Sorting data the way YOU want it sorted - (2011-08-05)
  [3004] Increment operators for counting - Perl, PHP, C and others - (2010-10-18)
  [2920] Sorting - naturally, or into a different order - (2010-08-14)
  [2915] Looking up a value by key - associative arrays / Hashes / Dictionaries - (2010-08-11)
  [2274] PHP preg functions - examples and comparision - (2009-07-08)
  [2215] If nothing, make it nothing. - (2009-06-02)
  [1614] When an array is not an array - (2008-04-17)
  [1451] More PHP sample and demonstration programs - (2007-12-01)
  [1116] PHP adding arrays / summing arrays - (2007-03-23)
  [832] Displaying data at 5 items per line on a web page - (2006-08-14)
  [773] Breaking bread - (2006-06-22)
  [603] PHP - setting sort order with an associative array - (2006-02-13)
  [409] Functions and commands with dangerous names - (2005-08-11)


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